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CVD risk calculators

Where to find and how to use CVD risk calculators

Absolute CVD risk is the likelihood of a person experiencing a cardiovascular event such as heart attack or stroke within the next five years. The Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) items 699 and 177 specify that the Heart Health Check must include a calculation of your patient’s absolute CVD risk as per the Australian absolute CVD risk calculator.

The absolute CVD risk calculation is based on the Framingham Risk Equation (FRE), and uses the following risk factors:

  • gender
  • age
  • smoking status
  • diabetes status
  • systolic blood pressure
  • total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio
  • left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) if available.

Risk categories

  • Low risk corresponds to <10% probability of CVD within the next five years
  • Moderate risk corresponds to 10–15% probability of CVD within the next five years
  • High risk corresponds to >15% probability of CVD within the next five years

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