I am
COVID-19 and cardiovascular disease
heartfoundation.org.au|Helpline 13 11 12

COVID-19 and cardiovascular disease

Key takeaways

  • If you have cardiovascular disease, you are at higher risk of serious complications from COVID-19, including having to go to hospital.
  • It’s important you get your flu and COVID-19 vaccines to protect yourself and people around you.
  • Stay healthy by making positive behaviour changes. These include eating a heart-healthy diet and being physically active.

Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). 1

People with cardiovascular disease are more likely to get serious COVID-19 complications. They have a higher risk of needing to go to hospital, and of dying. 2 4,5

COVID-19 can also make a person’s existing cardiovascular disease worse. 2, 4, 5

What is the link between COVID-19 and cardiovascular disease?

People who smoke also have an increased risk of developing severe illness from COVID-19.6

Read more, here.

Looking after your heart health

There are things you can do to look after your heart health. These are especially important if you have cardiovascular disease.

Get your annual flu vaccine

  • It’s important for people with cardiovascular disease get their flu vaccination.
  • The flu can trigger heart attacks. Getting the flu vaccine helps to prevent the flu and can help prevent heart attacks.
  • By getting the flu vaccination, you can also help protect other people. This is especially important for people who are too sick or too young to be vaccinated.
Find out more about getting your flu vaccine, here.

Get your COVID-19 vaccine

  • If you have cardiovascular disease, get your COVID-19 vaccine as soon as possible.  This is because you are at higher risk of severe illness if you develop COVID-19. 7
  • Having the vaccine means you are much less likely to become ill from COVID-19.
  • While vaccines are showing to be highly effective at protecting people against serious illness from COVID-19, we’re still learning about how well they stop infection and transmission. It’s important you keep practicing simple precautions such as physical distancing, hand washing and wearing a mask when required.
  • All vaccines available in Australia have been through a strict approval process. They meet the high safety and quality standards set by the Therapeutic Goods Administration. 8
Learn more about COVID-19 vaccines and how to book a vaccine appointment, here.

Stay connected with your doctor

  • If you have cardiovascular disease, it’s important you stick to your current treatment plan.  This includes taking your medicines, such as medicines to manage blood pressure.
  • Stay connected with your doctor as needed. Many health professionals offer some services via telehealth. This means you can have your usual appointment over the phone or video call.
Learn more about how to stay connected with your doctor, here.

Stay physically active

  • Regular physical activity has many benefits for your health, both now and in the future.  
  • Increasing your physical activity from as little as 10 minutes a day to the Australian Government’s recommended 30 to 45 minutes a day, five or more days of the week can help reduce your risk of heart disease and heart attacks.
  • It can also prevent and manage many conditions and diseases, including some cancers, type 2 diabetes, and depression. 
Learn more about how you can stay active at home during COVID-19, here.

Eat a heart-healthy diet

  • Eating a heart-healthy is one of the best things you can do for your heart health and to support your immune system.
  • What you eat and drink impacts several heart disease risk factors, including:
    • Blood pressure
    • Cholesterol
    • Weight
    • Diabetes risk
Learn how you can focus on healthy eating during COVID-19, here.

Don’t ignore a medical emergency

  • Your heart health matters and medical emergencies need urgent care. 
  • Get medical help immediately if the symptoms of your heart condition become severe or become worse quickly. Don't delay getting help.
  • Recognising the symptoms of a heart attack could save your life or the life of a loved one.
If you are experiencing the symptoms of a heart attack, call Triple Zero (000) immediately.

Know the most common heart attack warning signs, here.

Look after your mental health

Almost 1 in 2 people reported feeling lonely in response to COVID-19 restrictions. 13

We know that feeling isolated or depressed can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. 14, 15  We also know that people with cardiovascular disease are more likely to experience depression.15

BeyondBlue provide information and advice to help you look after your mental health. Trained counsellors are available 24/7 to speak with by calling 1800 512 348. Translating and interpreting services are available, as well as resources in languages other than English.

Learn more about BeyondBlue’s Coronavirus Mental Wellbeing Support Service and resources, here. 

Lifeline are a national charity providing all Australians experiencing emotional distress with access to 24-hour crisis support and suicide prevention services.

Visit Lifeline to learn how you can be supported, here

Stop the spread to protect yourself and others

  • There are things you can do to protect yourself and others from COVID-19.
  • If you have cold or flu like symptoms you should seek medical advice and get tested for COVID-19, even if your symptoms are mild.
  • Important ways to protect yourself include:
    • Wash your hands often with soap and water often
    • Cover your coughs and sneezes with your elbow or a tissue
    • Use alcohol-based sanitisers
    • Avoid touching your eyes nose and mouth
    • Practice physical distancing to limit close contact
Learn more about the symptoms of COVID-19 and how to protect yourself and others, here.

Where to go for trusted information

  •  It’s important to use trusted sources of information to stay up to date about COVID-19 and vaccines.
  • For updated information on COVID-19, vaccines, and local outbreak information. Visit the Department of Health's website, here. 
  • Information is available in multiple languages.
You can also call the National Coronavirus Helpline on 1800 020 080 for information and advice about COVID-19 and vaccines. For translating and interpreting services call 131 450. 

Unsure if you are at risk of cardiovascular disease?

Reducing your risk of cardiovascular disease starts with knowing your risk factors. This is so you can make positive behaviour changes.  Most heart attacks and strokes can be prevented with healthy choices.

Learn more about cardiovascular disease risk factors, here.

Further information:

COVID-19 Department of Health resources

  • Learn about the symptoms of COVID-19, how to get tested and how to protect yourself and others, here. 
  • Department of Health’s COVID-19 resources for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and remote communities, here. 

Information about COVID-19 vaccines

  • Find out more about COVID-19 vaccines in Australia, here.
  • Learn more about the vaccine approval process from the Therapeutic Goods Administration, here. 

Last reviewed: 23/08/2021

You might also be interested in

4 tips to keep your heart healthy while working from home

4 tips to keep your heart healthy while working from home

4 tips to keep your heart healthy while working from home

Stay informed about COVID-19

Stay informed about COVID-19

Stay informed about COVID-19

If you have heart disease, you are more vulnerable to severe complications....

COVID-19 and the flu vaccine

COVID-19 and the flu vaccine

COVID-19 and the flu vaccine

Getting a flu shot now will help in the fight against COVID-19....

COVID-19 info & FAQs

COVID-19 info & FAQs

COVID-19 info & FAQs

Information and FAQs about COVID-19 and heart disease....

Looking after your emotional health in uncertain times

Looking after your emotional health in uncertain times

Looking after your emotional health in uncertain times

Blog by Carlye Weiner, Clinical Psychologist...

Confidential. Personal. Reliable.

Confidential. Personal. Reliable.

Confidential. Personal. Reliable.

Got a question about your heart?...

Exercises to do at home

Exercises to do at home

Exercises to do at home

All you need to know about keeping active during COVID-19....

Surprising ways your family can meet the challenge to keep active

Surprising ways your family can meet the challenge to keep active

Surprising ways your family can meet the challenge to keep active

Food and healthy eating during COVID-19

Food and healthy eating during COVID-19

Food and healthy eating during COVID-19

Healthy eating and COVID-19 FAQ...

For Professionals: COVID-19 & cardiovascular disease

For Professionals: COVID-19 & cardiovascular disease

For Professionals: COVID-19 & cardiovascular disease

Information and resources for health care professionals....

MyMarathon

MyMarathon

MyMarathon

The fundraising race where you set the pace. Run, jog or walk MyMarathon at your own pace during October....

Heart Health Check Toolkit

Heart Health Check Toolkit

Research Directory

Research Directory

Kylie defied the heart attack stereotypes

Kylie defied the heart attack stereotypes

Kylie defied the heart attack stereotypes

Cardiac rehabilitation was a turning point for Kylie and essential to her heart failure recovery....

Building physical activity into urban planning and design

Building physical activity into urban planning and design

Building physical activity into urban planning and design

Resources available for built environment professionals to help guide in the development of active outdoor and indoor spaces....

Stay informed about COVID-19

Stay informed about COVID-19

Stay informed about COVID-19

If you have heart disease, you are more vulnerable to severe complications....

Sorting out your finances after a heart attack

Sorting out your finances after a heart attack

Sorting out your finances after a heart attack

Explore how to manage your financial concerns after a heart attack. ...

What waist measurements mean for your heart

What waist measurements mean for your heart

What waist measurements mean for your heart

How your waist measurement contributes to your heart health...

Driving and travelling after a heart attack

Driving and travelling after a heart attack

Driving and travelling after a heart attack

Explore our guide for driving and heart attack recovery. ...

9 food and heart health myths, busted

9 food and heart health myths, busted

9 food and heart health myths, busted

Let’s dive into nine common food and health myths and the facts behind them....

Cardiomyopathy; another health curveball for Ange

Cardiomyopathy; another health curveball for Ange

Cardiomyopathy; another health curveball for Ange

A story from Ange Foster ...

WEBINAR | Pressure rising: Clinical controversies and updates in hypertension

WEBINAR | Pressure rising: Clinical controversies and updates in hypertension

WEBINAR | Pressure rising: Clinical controversies and updates in hypertension

Christmas recipes

Christmas recipes

Christmas recipes

Find heart healthy festive recipes. ...

Feelings and emotions after a heart attack

Feelings and emotions after a heart attack

Feelings and emotions after a heart attack

This is a guide to how you might be feeling after a heart attack. ...

Salad recipes

Salad recipes

Salad recipes

Search through our tasty salad recipes...

Your heart medicines

Your heart medicines

Your heart medicines

Information about commonly prescribed heart medicines. ...

What is angina?

What is angina?

What is angina?

Angina is a type of chest pain or discomfort that’s a symptom of an underlying heart problem, usually coronary heart disease (CHD)....

Absolute CVD risk charts

Absolute CVD risk charts

Absolute CVD risk charts provide a visual tool to calculate CVD risk for use in practice in Australia....

Heart disease and pregnancy

Heart disease and pregnancy

Heart disease and pregnancy

Pregnancy is often referred to as the “ultimate stress test” for the body....

Pumpkin falafel wraps

Pumpkin falafel wraps

Pumpkin falafel wraps

10 minutes
Serves Serves 4 (as a main meal)

Action Plans

Action Plans

Action Plans

Recovery is a long journey, so having a plan makes a huge difference. Using an action plan gives you a step-by-step guide to improving your lifestyle....

Leaving a gift in your Will: A lasting legacy

Leaving a gift in your Will: A lasting legacy

Leaving a gift in your Will: A lasting legacy

One of the most powerful ways to help support a future without heart disease is to include a gift to the Heart Foundation in your Will...

Physical activity resources for patients and consumers

Physical activity resources for patients and consumers

Physical activity information for professionals...

Blood tests for heart disease

Blood tests for heart disease

Blood tests can measure the levels of substances such as blood fat to show if, and how much of, your heart has been damaged....

What is atrial fibrillation?

What is atrial fibrillation?

What is atrial fibrillation?

Atrial fibrillation is a type of arrhythmia where your heart beats irregularly and fast....

Fruit and nut muesli

Fruit and nut muesli

Fruit and nut muesli

Absolute CVD risk calculator

Absolute CVD risk calculator

The Absolute CVD risk calculator estimates the likelihood of having a heart attack or stroke in the next five years....

What is heart disease?

What is heart disease?

What is heart disease?

Heart disease is the broad term for conditions that affect the structure and function of the heart muscle. ...

Templates integrated in Best Practice software

Templates integrated in Best Practice software

Popular Heart Health Check templates – CVD risk assessment and management plan – are directly accessible from within Bp Premier ...

Heart Foundation delivers $17.2 million for cutting-edge heart research in a challenging year

Heart Foundation delivers $17.2 million for cutting-edge heart research in a challenging year

Heart Foundation delivers $17.2 million for cutting-edge heart research in a challenging year

Media Release 20 October 2020...