Burden of disease fact sheet

Burden of disease - years of life lost (YLL)

Cardiovascular disease (1)

In 2010, cardiovascular disease accounted for 25.8% of the burden of disease in Australia based on years of life lost (YLL) – or premature death. The burden of disease attributable to CVD was slightly higher for women compared to men (26.5% vs. 25.3%).

Based on YLL, the burden attributable to CVD in Australia is second only behind cancer (33.7%).

Attributable risk factors (1)

The list below indicates the proportion of years of life lost due to cardiovascular disease by the main risk factors.

High blood pressure 48.3%
High BMI 28.1%
High total cholesterol 21.3%
Physical inactivity 20.8%
Tobacco 16.1%
High fasting plasma glucose 10.1%
Dietary risks  60.4%
Diet low in omega 3 fatty acids 11.9%
Diet low in fruit 18.8%
Diet high in sodium 13.5%
Diet low in vegetables 12.1%
Diet high in trans fatty acids 4.1%

International comparison: CVD burden by YLL (1)

The level of burden in Australia attributed to CVD by YLL is lower compared to many other western / high-income countries.

Australia 25.8%
Germany 33.0%
United Kingdom 28.8%
China 28.2%
New Zealand 26.6%
United States 26.2%
Japan 26.2%
Canada 25.6%
France 22.2%
South Korea 21.7%
Developed nations 33.9%
Developing nations 13.3%

 

Ischaemic heart disease (1)

In 2010, ischaemic heart disease accounted for 15.0% of the burden of disease in Australia based on years of life lost (YLL). The burden of disease attributable to ischaemic heart disease was slightly higher for men compared to women (16.1% vs. 15.0%).

Based on YLL and single disease cause, ischaemic heart disease is the single largest burden of disease in Australia, more than double any other cause of premature death.

Attributable risk factors (1)

The list below indicates the proportion of years of life lost due to ischaemic heart disease by the main risk factors.

High blood pressure 47.2%
High total cholesterol 35.6%
High BMI 32.6%
Physical inactivity 31.0%
Tobacco 18.6%
High fasting plasma glucose 12.8%
Dietary risks 78.6%
 Diet low in omega 3 fatty acids 20.5%
Diet low in fruit 20.0%
Diet high in sodium 13.0%
Diet low in vegetables 12.3%
Diet high in trans fatty acids 6.9%

International comparison: Ishaemic heart disease burden by YLL (1)

The level of burden in Australia attributed to ischaemic heart disease by YLL is lower compared to many other western / high-income countries

Australia 15.0%
Germany 18.4%
Canada 16.4%
United States 15.9%
United Kingdom 15.9%
 New Zealand 15.8%
France 10.1%
Japan 9.5%
China 8.4%
South Korea 6.4%
Developed nations 18.9%
 Developing nations 5.4%

 

References

  1. Global Burden of Disease Study 2010, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. 2013.

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