Show me:
Show me:
COVID-19 and cardiovascular disease
heartfoundation.org.au|Helpline 13 11 12

COVID-19 and cardiovascular disease

Key takeaways

  • If you have cardiovascular disease, you are at higher risk of serious complications from COVID-19, including having to go to hospital.
  • It’s important you get your flu and COVID-19 vaccines to protect yourself and people around you.
  • Stay healthy by making positive behaviour changes. These include eating a heart-healthy diet and being physically active.

Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). 1

People with cardiovascular disease are more likely to get serious COVID-19 complications. They have a higher risk of needing to go to hospital, and of dying. 2 4,5

COVID-19 can also make a person’s existing cardiovascular disease worse. 2, 4, 5

What is the link between COVID-19 and cardiovascular disease?

People who smoke also have an increased risk of developing severe illness from COVID-19.6

Read more, here.

Looking after your heart health

There are things you can do to look after your heart health. These are especially important if you have cardiovascular disease.

Get your annual flu vaccine

  • It’s important for people with cardiovascular disease get their flu vaccination.
  • The flu can trigger heart attacks. Getting the flu vaccine helps to prevent the flu and can help prevent heart attacks.
  • By getting the flu vaccination, you can also help protect other people. This is especially important for people who are too sick or too young to be vaccinated.
Find out more about getting your flu vaccine, here.

Get your COVID-19 vaccine

  • If you have cardiovascular disease, get your COVID-19 vaccine as soon as possible.  This is because you are at higher risk of severe illness if you develop COVID-19. 7
  • Having the vaccine means you are much less likely to become ill from COVID-19.
  • While vaccines are showing to be highly effective at protecting people against serious illness from COVID-19, we’re still learning about how well they stop infection and transmission. It’s important you keep practicing simple precautions such as physical distancing, hand washing and wearing a mask when required.
  • All vaccines available in Australia have been through a strict approval process. They meet the high safety and quality standards set by the Therapeutic Goods Administration. 8
Learn more about COVID-19 vaccines and how to book a vaccine appointment, here.

Stay connected with your doctor

  • If you have cardiovascular disease, it’s important you stick to your current treatment plan.  This includes taking your medicines, such as medicines to manage blood pressure.
  • Stay connected with your doctor as needed. Many health professionals offer some services via telehealth. This means you can have your usual appointment over the phone or video call.
Learn more about how to stay connected with your doctor, here.

Stay physically active

  • Regular physical activity has many benefits for your health, both now and in the future.  
  • Increasing your physical activity from as little as 10 minutes a day to the Australian Government’s recommended 30 to 45 minutes a day, five or more days of the week can help reduce your risk of heart disease and heart attacks.
  • It can also prevent and manage many conditions and diseases, including some cancers, type 2 diabetes, and depression. 
Learn more about how you can stay active at home during COVID-19, here.

Eat a heart-healthy diet

  • Eating a heart-healthy is one of the best things you can do for your heart health and to support your immune system.
  • What you eat and drink impacts several heart disease risk factors, including:
    • Blood pressure
    • Cholesterol
    • Weight
    • Diabetes risk
Learn how you can focus on healthy eating during COVID-19, here.

Don’t ignore a medical emergency

  • Your heart health matters and medical emergencies need urgent care. 
  • Get medical help immediately if the symptoms of your heart condition become severe or become worse quickly. Don't delay getting help.
  • Recognising the symptoms of a heart attack could save your life or the life of a loved one.
If you are experiencing the symptoms of a heart attack, call Triple Zero (000) immediately.

Know the most common heart attack warning signs, here.

Look after your mental health

Almost 1 in 2 people reported feeling lonely in response to COVID-19 restrictions. 13

We know that feeling isolated or depressed can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. 14, 15  We also know that people with cardiovascular disease are more likely to experience depression.15

BeyondBlue provide information and advice to help you look after your mental health. Trained counsellors are available 24/7 to speak with by calling 1800 512 348. Translating and interpreting services are available, as well as resources in languages other than English.

Learn more about BeyondBlue’s Coronavirus Mental Wellbeing Support Service and resources, here. 

Lifeline are a national charity providing all Australians experiencing emotional distress with access to 24-hour crisis support and suicide prevention services.

Visit Lifeline to learn how you can be supported, here

Stop the spread to protect yourself and others

  • There are things you can do to protect yourself and others from COVID-19.
  • If you have cold or flu like symptoms you should seek medical advice and get tested for COVID-19, even if your symptoms are mild.
  • Important ways to protect yourself include:
    • Wash your hands often with soap and water often
    • Cover your coughs and sneezes with your elbow or a tissue
    • Use alcohol-based sanitisers
    • Avoid touching your eyes nose and mouth
    • Practice physical distancing to limit close contact
Learn more about the symptoms of COVID-19 and how to protect yourself and others, here.

Where to go for trusted information

  •  It’s important to use trusted sources of information to stay up to date about COVID-19 and vaccines.
  • For updated information on COVID-19, vaccines, and local outbreak information. Visit the Department of Health's website, here. 
  • Information is available in multiple languages.
You can also call the National Coronavirus Helpline on 1800 020 080 for information and advice about COVID-19 and vaccines. For translating and interpreting services call 131 450. 

Unsure if you are at risk of cardiovascular disease?

Reducing your risk of cardiovascular disease starts with knowing your risk factors. This is so you can make positive behaviour changes.  Most heart attacks and strokes can be prevented with healthy choices.

Learn more about cardiovascular disease risk factors, here.

Further information:

COVID-19 Department of Health resources

  • Learn about the symptoms of COVID-19, how to get tested and how to protect yourself and others, here. 
  • Department of Health’s COVID-19 resources for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and remote communities, here. 

Information about COVID-19 vaccines

  • Find out more about COVID-19 vaccines in Australia, here.
  • Learn more about the vaccine approval process from the Therapeutic Goods Administration, here. 

Last reviewed: 23/08/2021

You might also be interested in

4 tips to keep your heart healthy while working from home

4 tips to keep your heart healthy while working from home

4 tips to keep your heart healthy while working from home

Confidential. Personal. Reliable.

Confidential. Personal. Reliable.

Confidential. Personal. Reliable.

Got a question about your heart?...

COVID-19 and the flu vaccine

COVID-19 and the flu vaccine

COVID-19 and the flu vaccine

Getting a flu shot now will help in the fight against COVID-19....

COVID-19 info & FAQs

COVID-19 info & FAQs

COVID-19 info & FAQs

Information and FAQs about COVID-19 and heart disease....

Looking after your emotional health in uncertain times

Looking after your emotional health in uncertain times

Looking after your emotional health in uncertain times

Blog by Carlye Weiner, Clinical Psychologist...

Exercises to do at home

Exercises to do at home

Exercises to do at home

All you need to know about keeping active during COVID-19....

Surprising ways your family can meet the challenge to keep active

Surprising ways your family can meet the challenge to keep active

Surprising ways your family can meet the challenge to keep active

Food and healthy eating during COVID-19

Food and healthy eating during COVID-19

Food and healthy eating during COVID-19

Healthy eating and COVID-19 FAQ...

For Professionals: COVID-19 & cardiovascular disease

For Professionals: COVID-19 & cardiovascular disease

For Professionals: COVID-19 & cardiovascular disease

Information and resources for health care professionals....

Stay connected with your doctor

Stay connected with your doctor

Stay connected with your doctor

It's important that you stay connected with your doctor as needed. ...

Heart Health Check Toolkit

Heart Health Check Toolkit

Together, we can change the future of heart disease

Together, we can change the future of heart disease

Together, we can change the future of heart disease

The power of your ongoing support can help save lives and keep more families together. Help us continue to fund promising heart research projects by donating today. ...

Heart Week 2022

Heart Week 2022

Heart Week 2022

With one Australian having a heart attack or stroke every 4 minutes, you have the power to change this statistic. ...

Health Professional Tools

Health Professional Tools

Health Professional Tools

Guidelines, publications and support for the health professional community....

Time to book a Heart Health Check?

Time to book a Heart Health Check?

Time to book a Heart Health Check?

If you're 45 and over, or 30 and over if you're of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent, you should book your Heart Health Check today...

Chilli and garlic prawn spaghetti

Chilli and garlic prawn spaghetti

Chilli and garlic prawn spaghetti

15 minutes
Serves 4

For Professionals: Coronary artery calcium scoring

For Professionals: Coronary artery calcium scoring

The National Heart Foundation of Australia Position Statement: Coronary artery calcium scoring for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in Australia.¹...

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment and management

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment and management

Absolute CVD risk assessment is an integrated approach that estimates the cumulative risk of multiple risk factors to predict a heart attack or stroke event in the next five years....

Queensland Cardiovascular Research Network

Queensland Cardiovascular Research Network

Queensland Cardiovascular Research Network

QCVRN provides a framework to strengthen cardiovascular research in Queensland...

Christmas recipes

Christmas recipes

Christmas recipes

Find heart healthy festive recipes. ...

Improving access to accurate echocardiography through artificial intelligence

Improving access to accurate echocardiography through artificial intelligence

Professor Andrew Maiorana, Institution: Curtin University...

Lamb recipes

Lamb recipes

Lamb recipes

Find heart healthy lamb recipes....

How can I beat the barriers and get active for a healthy heart?

How can I beat the barriers and get active for a healthy heart?

How can I beat the barriers and get active for a healthy heart?

What is heart failure?

What is heart failure?

What is heart failure?

Heart failure is a condition where your heart isn’t pumping as well as it should be....

Become a corporate partner

Become a corporate partner

Become a corporate partner

Partner with us to help us fight for Australian hearts....

Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) clinical resources

Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) clinical resources

Resources and clinical information for health professionals...

Research Directory

Research Directory

Supporting Your Emotional Wellbeing: An Online Forum for Young Heart Patients

Supporting Your Emotional Wellbeing: An Online Forum for Young Heart Patients

Supporting Your Emotional Wellbeing: An Online Forum for Young Heart Patients

Food and healthy eating during COVID-19

Food and healthy eating during COVID-19

Food and healthy eating during COVID-19

Healthy eating and COVID-19 FAQ...

What is a cardiac arrest?

What is a cardiac arrest?

What is a cardiac arrest?

With immediate help a cardiac arrest can be survived. Learn how to save a life....

Spinach hummus with Turkish toasts

Spinach hummus with Turkish toasts

10 minutes
Serves 8

Nutrition after a heart attack

Nutrition after a heart attack

Nutrition after a heart attack

Discover key information on heart-healthy eating and drinking....

Vegetarian lasagne

Vegetarian lasagne

Vegetarian lasagne

1 hour
Serves 6

Pregnancy and heart disease

Pregnancy and heart disease

Information and resources for health professionals....

Environment, climate change and heart health

Environment, climate change and heart health

Environment, climate change and heart health

Information on how air pollution, heatwaves and bushfires can impact heart health, and what you can do to look after yourself. ...

Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (SCAD)

Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (SCAD)

Clinical information and links to SCAD resources....

One pan Greek salmon bake

One pan Greek salmon bake

One pan Greek salmon bake

30 minutes
Serves 4

Quesadillas with avocado and tomato salsa

Quesadillas with avocado and tomato salsa

12 minutes
Serves 6 (as a side)

Developing an innovative chatbot-delivered physical activity intervention

Developing an innovative chatbot-delivered physical activity intervention

Developing an innovative chatbot-delivered physical activity intervention

Professor Corneel Vandelanotte, Institution: Central Queensland University...

The one that took Jan’s breath away

The one that took Jan’s breath away

The one that took Jan’s breath away

Open heart surgery to treat damaged heart valves has improved Jan's overall health....